Citation: Oprsal, I., Brokesova, J., Faeh, D., Giardini, D., 2002. 3D Hybrid Ray-FD and DWN-FD Seismic Modeling For Simple Models Containing Complex Local Structures, Stud. Geophys. Geod., 46, 711-730.

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3D Hybrid ray-FD and DWN-FD Seismic Modeling For Simple Models Containing Complex Local Structures 

I. Oprsal (1,2), J. Brokesova (2), D. Faeh(1), D. Giardini (1),

Swiss Seismological Service,
ETH-Hoenggerberg/HPP, CH-8093 Zuerich, Switzerland.
FAX: +41-1-6331065,
Phone: +41-1-6332602,

Department of Geophysics, Charles University,
Ke Karlovu 3, 121 16, Prague, Czech Republic,


Hybrid approaches find broad applications wherever all-in-one modeling of source, path, and site effects is too expensive. Our new 3D hybrid approach allows to compute the seismic wavefield in elastic isotropic models containing a complex local structure embedded in a large, but considerably simpler, regional structure. The hybrid modeling is realized in two successive steps.

In the 1st step, the ray or discrete wave number (DWN) method is used to compute the seismic wavefield due to the source and simple regional structure. The complex local structure is not present. Thus, the excitation contains the source and regional path effects. The time history of this wavefield (excitation), recorded at the points of so called excitation box, is stored on a disk. The excitation box envelopes a small portion of a computational domain.

The 2nd step of the hybrid method, now containing the complex local structure, is computed by finite differences (FD) inside the excitation box and its close vicinity. The excitation from the 1st step is now used to inject the 1st step wavefield into the 2nd step computation. After that, the hybrid combination of the 1st and 2nd steps contains the source, regional path, and local structure effects at reasonably lower computational costs than in case of all-in-one modeling. The 3D ray-FD method is tested on models in which the locally complex structure is the well-known Volvi lake basin, embedded in various 1D structures. The wavefield is excited by the point source situated outside the basin. Although the structure outside the excitation box may be less dimensional (2D, 1D, homogeneous), the whole problem is actually 3D due to the 3D features of the structure inside the excitation box, 3D shape of the excitation box, and arbitrary source - excitation-box configuration. Simple (1D) structures outside the excitation box allow for comparison with the alternative hybrid DWN-FD results. However the ray method is suitable for computation of 3D regional structures outside the excitation box. The results from both approaches show a very good agreement for realistic crustal and local structural models.

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